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13.10.10 Skin conditions

Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the skin Learn about basal cell carcinoma, squamos cell carcinoma, melanoma and kaposi's sarcoma.

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Lupus

Lupus

In the case of a disease like lupus, the immune system mistakenly attacks the body and damages healthy tissues and organs.

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Measles Throat

Rubeola (Measles)

People who catch the measles develop symptoms like a fever, cough, runny nose, and the telltale rash that is the hallmark of the disease.

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Photo of acne (pimples).

Acne

Acne is a skin condition that causes whiteheads, blackheads, and inflamed red lesions (papules, pustules, and cysts) to form. These growths are commonly called pimples or "zits."

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Photo of a hemangioma of the skin.

Hemangioma of Skin

A hemangioma is an abnormal buildup of blood vessels in the skin or internal organs.

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Photo of cold sores on a woman's mouth.

Cold Sore

Cold sores are red, fluid-filled blisters that appear near the mouth or on other areas of the face

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Photo of psoriasis on the back of a woman's neck.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a noncontagious chronic skin condition characterized by scaly patches of skin.

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Photo of rosacea on a woman's face.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition involving inflammation of the cheeks, nose, chin, forehead, or eyelids.

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Photo of seborrheic dermatitis (eczema).

Seborrheic Eczema

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, inflammatory skin condition that causes flaky, white to yellowish scales to form on oily areas such as the scalp or inside the ear.

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Photo of hives on skin.

Hives

Hives are raised, often itchy, red welts on the surface of the skin. They are usually an allergic reaction to food or medicine.

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Photo of vitiligo patches on a hand.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin condition in which there is loss of pigment (color) from areas of skin, resulting in irregular white patches that feel like normal skin.

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Photo of a wart.

Warts

Warts - we all get them and we all find them embarrassing, ugly and inconvenient.

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Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing soft tissue infection is a rare but very severe type of bacterial infection that can destroy the muscles, skin, and underlying tissue.

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Photo of cutaneous candidiasis.

Cutaneous Candidiasis

Cutaneous candidiasis is infection of the skin with candida fungus.

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Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Carbuncle

A carbuncle is a skin infection that often involves a group of hair follicles. The infected material forms a lump, called mass, which occurs deep in the skin. 

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Photo of cellulitis.

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a common skin infection caused by bacteria, most commonly staph or strep bacteria.

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Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Hypohidrosis

Hypohidrosis is an abnormal lack of sweat in response to heat that may be harmful, because sweating allows heat to be released from the body. 

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Impetigo

Impetigo

Impetigo is a common skin infection caused by strep or staph bacteria, or MRSA.

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Cutis Laxa illustration

Cutis Laxa

Cutis laxa (Latin for loose or lax skin) is a connective tissue disorder in which the skin lacks elasticity and hangs in loose folds.

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Medical drawing of a pressure ulcer.

Decubitus Ulcer

A decubitus (or "pressure") ulcer is an area of skin that breaks down when you stay in one position for too long without shifting your weight.

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Photo of eryspelas on a child's foot.

Erysipelas

Erysipelas is a type of skin infection usually caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria.

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Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Diaper Rash

Dermatitis of the buttocks, genitals, lower abdomen, or thigh folds of an infant or toddler is called diaper rash.

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Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema, or dyshidrosis, is a skin condition in which blisters develop on the soles of your feet and/or the palms of your hands. 

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Photo of a canker sore on a woman's lip.

Canker Sore

A canker sore (aphthous ulcer) is a mouth ulcer or sore that is open and painful. They are the most common type of mouth ulcer.

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Medical drawing of a mouth ulcer caused by herpes stomatitis.

Herpes Stomatitis

Herpetic stomatitis is a viral infection of the mouth that causes ulcers and inflammation. These mouth ulcers are not the same as canker sores, which are caused by a different virus.

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Photo of a funal nail infection on the big toe.

Fungal Nail Infection

Fungal nail infection is an infection of the nails by a fungus.

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Ichthyosis Vulgaris

Ichthyosis Vulgaris

Ichthyosis vulgaris is a common skin disorder passed down through families that leads to dry, scaly skin.

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Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis is a muscle disease characterized by inflammation and a skin rash. It is a type of inflammatory myopathy.

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Photo of molluscum contagiosum on the stomach.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes raised, pearl-like papulesor nodules on the skin.

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Photo of a ingrown toenail on the big toe.

Ingrown Nails

An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the nail grows down and into the skin of the toe. There may be pain, redness, and swelling around the nail.

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Acrodermatitis childhood skin condition

Acrodermatitis

Acrodermatitis is a childhood skin condition that may be accompanied by mild symptoms of fever and malaise.

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Medical drawing of a cyst growing under the skin.

Sebaceous Cyst

A sebaceous cyst is a closed sac under the skin filled with a cheese-like or oily material.

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Seborrheic Keratosis illustration

Seborrheic Keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis is noncancerous (benign) wart-like growths on the surface of the skin.

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Medical drawing of a cyst growing under the skin.

Pilonidal Sinus

A pilonidal cyst is a small pit, or dimpled area, that can occur anywhere along the crease between the buttocks (sacral area).

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Photo of a keloid.

Keloid

Keloids are the excess growth of scar tissue at the site of a healed skin injury.

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Photo of a lichen planus rash.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is a disease in which there is an itchy, swollen rash on the skin or in the mouth.

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Medical drawing of the layers of human skin.

Actinic Keratosis

Actinic keratosis is a very common skin condition. It occurs when skin cells called keratinocytes start to grow abnormally, forming scaly discolored spots.

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Photo of stasis dermatitis.

Stasis Dermatitis and Leg Ulcers

Stasis dermatitis is a skin condition due to the buildup of fluid (swelling) under the skin.

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Photo of a corn on the bottom of a foot.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are thickened layers of skin caused by repeated pressure or friction.

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Photo of eczema.

Eczema

Eczema is a common skin condition characterized by itchy and inflamed patches of skin.

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Tinea Versicolor

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea versicolor is a long-term (chronic) fungal infection of the skin.

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Bullous pemphigoid

Pemphigoid

Bullous pemphigoid is a skin disorder characterized by large blisters.

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Medical drawing of a mouth ulcer.

Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers are a common condition where open sores appear inside the mouth or on the lips.

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Shingles on neck

Shingles

Shingles (herpes zoster) occurs when the dormant chickenpox virus (varicella-zoster) is reactivated in your nerve tissues, causing a blistering rash.

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